The evidence behind PREview

PREview is informed by a range of research, in particular analysis of the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS).

The MCS is studying around 9200 children born in England in 2000. The first information was collected when the babies were nine months old, when mothers were asked about the child's health and well-being in early infancy. Information was collected again when the children were three years and five years old.

To present the evidence underpinning PREview, we have produced a series of colourful charts showing the associations between maternal factors and child outcomes around health, behaviour, and learning & development.

More detail is provided in the full reports below.

Analysis of the Millennium Cohort Study

In addition to the charts above which give a visual summary of the analysis from the MCS, you can read the full reports or watch a video of Professor John Hobcraft presenting the research.

Predictive factors from age 3 and infancy for poor child outcomes at age 5: evidence from the Millennium Cohort Study

Short films showing Professor John Hobcraft presenting his recent research for the PREview project carried out with Professor Kathleen Kiernan of the Department of Social Policy and Social Work, University of York.


Qualitative research with parents

  • Website Parents’ views on how health professionals should work with them now to get the best for their child in the future

    The objective of this study was to investigate parents’ views about how health professionals should identify and work with families who may benefit from additional input to maximize their children’s future health and well-being.

    Publisher: Health Expectations
    Published Date: 19/04/2012

  • Adobe Acrobat Document PREview: Views of parents-to-be and parents of pre-school children on issues raised by PREview

    The aim of this study was to discover the views of recent parents about some of the issues raised by the proposed PREview approach in order to assess its acceptability. Its focus was primarily the use of PREview at the level of individual families although some questions related to its use as a service planning tool were also covered. The report represents work carried out by the Mother and Infant Research Unit (MIRU) at the University of York between May and December 2009.

    Publisher: Mother and Infant Research Unit (MIRU), University of York
    Published Date: 25/02/2010


Literature reviews

  • Adobe Acrobat Document PREview literature reivew: Factors which predict health and well-being outcomes for children up the age of 5

    The aim of this literature review was to identify factors which are associated with health and well-being outcomes up to age 5, with particular focus on physical and cognitive development, emotional and behavioural well-being and physical health. The review was carried out for the PREview project.

    Publisher: Mother and Infant Research Unit (MIRU), University of York
    Published Date: 26/06/2008

  • Adobe Acrobat Document PREview literature review: Health needs assessment tools currently in use

    A review of four different assessment tools or processes which are currently in use in England: Derby City Health Needs Assessment Tool; Tynedale Health Needs Assessment Tool; Kirklees Universal Needs Assessment; and the Common Assessment Framework. This review was carried out for the PREview project.

    Publisher: Mother and Infant Research Unit (MIRU), University of York
    Published Date: 26/06/2008

  • Adobe Acrobat Document PREview literature review: Published findings from longitudinal datasets

    A report of published findings from recent UK cohort studies in relation to the risk and protective factors identified in the literature review. The UK has two recent longitudinal studies which met the criteria: the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS); and the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). Publications from these two studies were screened. The outputs of a third study, the Effective Provision of Pre-school Education (EPPE) Project were also examined since links between socio-demographic factors and early educational attainment appeared pertinent. The review was carried out for the PREview project.

    Publisher: Mother and Infant Research Unit (MIRU), University of York
    Published Date: 26/06/2008


Other useful reports and papers

  • Website Supporting families in the foundation years

    Sets out the government's vision for the services that should be on offer for parents, children and families in the foundation years. Explains the importance of intervening early and the role of different services working together to ensure that children, their mothers and fathers receive early help were needed. It outlines the role of commissioners, leaders and practitioners across the range of services for families in these years.

    Publisher: Department for Education (DfE)
    Published Date: 18/07/2011

  • Website Early environments and child outcomes: an analysis commission for the independent review on poverty and life chances

    The analysis in this report was commissioned by the Independent Review on Poverty and Life Chances to inform its recommendations on the adoption of a set of official Life Chances Indicators. The aim of the proposed indicators is to measure annual progress at a national level on a range of factors in young children which we know to be predictive of children's future outcomes, and so provide a metric for assessing how successful we are as a country in making more equal life's outcomes for all children.

    Publisher: Centre for Market and Public Organization, University of Bristol
    Published Date: 03/12/2010

  • Website The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: a research note

    In the Millennium Cohort Study, ‘behaviour’ was measured using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. This paper describes this brief behavioural screening questionnaire that provides balanced coverage of children and young people's behaviours, emotions, and relationships. The value of this novel Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is evaluated against the benchmark set by the Rutter parent and teacher questionnaires. The SDQ has been designed to meet the needs of researchers, clinicians, and educationalists.

    Publisher: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
    Published Date: 18/05/1997

For more related reports, see the policy context section.


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