Transitions: About transition
All young people with or without a long term condition will go through the transition into adulthood.
All young people require developmentally appropriate care as they grow up into adulthood. It is important to acknowledge that adolescent brain development is now recognised to continue into the mid-twenties.
Transition for young people with long term health conditions is a multifaceted process, which includes the event of transfer to adult services but is not synonymous with transfer. Rather transition continues after transfer into adult services and hence involves both child and adult centred services.
Transition is the process which prepares young people and their families for growing up into the adult world and attends to their medical, psychosocial and educational/vocational needs during this process.
The aims of transition are to:
- provide high quality, co-ordinated, uninterrupted health-care that is patient-centred,age and developmentally appropriate and culturally competent, flexible, responsive and comprehensive with respect to all persons involved;
- promote skills in communication, decision-making, assertiveness and self-care, self-determination and self-advocacy;
- enhance the young person’s sense of control and interdependence;
- provide support for the parent(s)/guardian(s) of the young person during this process; and
- to maximise life-long functioning and potential.
Transitional care is underpinned by the core principles of adolescent medicine and development of young person friendly health care services.
There is now an evolving evidence base for development in this area and the unmet transitional care needs of young people, their parents and professionals are well-documented.
For more reviews you can go to the evidence base collection.