Identification, screening and assessment

Screening tools: Learning disabilities

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LDSQ - Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire

Vulnerabilities
The tool screens for:

  • Learning disabilities
  • Some speech, language and communication needs.

Description of tool
A set of 7 questions: 3 where the young person completes a simple literacy task, and 4 where the practitioner asks about contact with previous services, school experience etc.

Time to administer
5 – 10 minutes

Has tool been validated?
Validated for age 16+.

Validation underway for those under 16.

Does not need to be administered by a health specialist.

Comments and how to access tool
Needs to be purchased. The pack (manual and 100 questionnaires) costs (12/08/2011) £110, plus £7
postage. Extra forms can be ordered: (100 - £50; 200 - £80; 1000 - £350).

McKenzie, K. and Paxton, D. (2005) Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire. GCM. Edinburgh.



HASI - Hayes Ability Screening Index

Vulnerabilities
The tool screens for:

  • Learning disabilities
  • Some speech, language and communication needs.

Description of tool
The tool includes several self-report questions, a backwards spelling test, a join-the-dots puzzle, and a clock drawing test.

Time to administer
5 – 10 minutes

Has tool been validated?
This tool has proved more reliable outside the UK (see Ford article, in column to right).

For children 13+ and adults.

Does not need to be administered by a health specialist.

Comments and how to access tool
A tool from Australia.

Hayes, SC. (2000) Hayes Ability Screening Index (HASI) Manual. Behavioural Sciences in Medicine, University of Sydney.

Relevant article: Ford, G., Andrews, R., Booth, A., Dibdin, J., Hardingham, S. and Kelly, T. (2008) Screening for learning disability in adolescent forensic population. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 19 (3), 371-381



CNHDQ - Communication Needs Hidden Difficulties Questionnaire

Vulnerabilities
The tool screens for communication needs, dyslexia, dyspraxia and attention deficit hyper activity disorder (ADHD). It covers:

  • Literacy
  • Communication/language
  • Organisation and memory
  • Co-ordination
  • Numeracy
  • Confidence.

Description of tool
A set of 36 questions delivered to young people in a conversational style, to help identify strengths and areas of difficulty. Answers are summarised by the interviewer as a yes/no answer.

Time to administer
40 minutes maximum (reduced to 20 with familiarity)

Has tool been validated?
Currently being validated.

Can be administered only by those who have had training.

Comments and how to access tool
Intended for Youth Offending Teams (YOT) and other workers, to identify needs and then offer support with strategies.

Free to those trained to use it.


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